Wednesday, September 24, 2008

Revelation Chapter 1 verses 1-5a part 1


Chapter 1:1-8

I. Title
a. Apokaluyis (apokalupsis)
i. This is the subject of the book
1. It is about John’s experience with God
2. God’s word is dynamic
ii. It is the nature of the book
1. It is what the book does
2. It reveals what God intends
3. God’s word is truth
iii. This is the only place within the book where this word is used of the material
1. In all other locations it is called prophecy
b. Revelation of Jesus Christ
i. There are two possible understandings of this phrase
1. It is a revelation about Jesus – focused on revealing/unveiling the lordship of Christ
2. It is a revelation by means of Jesus – focused on revealing coming through Jesus’ mediation
c. Chain/process/order of revelation
i. God gave the revelation to Jesus
1. That it might be shown to His bond-servant/slave/doulos (doolos)
ii. Jesus sends the revelation by means of His angel
iii. His angel communicated/signified the revelation to his bond-servant, John
iv. John bears witness to the word of God and the testimony of Chrsit
1. Word of God and testimony of Christ are not separate
2. The second expands the understanding of the first
3. It is the Gospel
v. “all he saw” can refer to two things
1. It refers to Christ – Jesus sent and communicated all he saw…
2. It refers to John – who bore witness to all he saw regarding the word of God
d. Signified – shmainw (semaino)
i. This carries the idea of figurative representation
ii. “give signs”; “make known”
iii. God/Christ communicates by means of symbolic language (through visions)
iv. The message and the medium cannot be separated
1. You cannot extract the message while leaving the images for “better” images
v. The author intends to draw the reader/hearer in by means of imagination and emotion
e. Content
i. Things which must quickly come to pass
1. Quickly poses a problem for some people
a. It is a “time” issue
2. Possible answers to the “time problem”
a. Quickly refers to the events after the “end times” begin
b. Quickly is understood as meaning certainly
c. John is referring to the coming persecutions only
d. Quickly is understood in reference to Christ’s resurrection and the inauguration of his kingdom then
e. Prophecy language is always the language of imminence
3. Daniel 2:28-30, 45-47
a. With reference to Daniel, this is a definite, imminent time of fulfillment which has likely begun in John’s lifetime
b. John fully expects all of what was seen in the visions as the beginning of the fulfillment but not the final, complete fulfillment

II. Beattitude
a. There are 7 beattitudes (blessed are) in the Revelation (1:3; 14:3; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14)
b. They are similar to and may be borrowed from Luke 11:28
c. John 12:47a is a negative parallel to this beatitude
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