Wednesday, September 24, 2008

Revelation Chapter 1 verses 1-5a part 2


II. Beattitude
a.There are 7 beattitudes (blessed are) in the Revelation (1:3; 14:3; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14)
b.They are similar to and may be borrowed from Luke 11:28
c.John 12:47a is a negative parallel to this beatitude
d.Blessed is/blessed are
i.The one who reads
1.Ancient texts were almost always read aloud in the congregation
2.Possibly someone with a skill/art for reading
3.Words chosen to effectively communicate meaning aurally
4.A feature of Revelation is that it is written explicitly for oral performance
5.There is an epistle (letter) feature of the Revelation
ii.The one who hears
1.It is thought provoking
2.Prophecy – similar to the Old Testament idea – the word proclaimed for the hearer
iii.The one who heeds – the one who does
1.The Revelation has ethical implications within
2.Old Testament prophecies carried ethical implications for the people
iv.The time is near
1.This is linked directly to verse 1 – things which quickly take place
2.The time issue is bound to the understanding that this is a prophecy
a.Prophetic messages are more concerned with ethical implications than predictive fulfillments
i.Jonah 1:1; 3:3-4

III.Greeting – 1:4-8
a.This is similar to many other New Testament and other Greek letters
i.Superscriptio – sender
a.There is no claim to authority or title
i.Galatians 1:1
ii.Adscriptio – addressee
1.7 churches in Asia
a.Some disagreement on what these 7 churches represent
b.Symbolic representation of the entire church
i. 7 is a number of completeness/wholeness
ii.This would then be a letter to all believers
1.There is no mention of the churches after chapter 3
2.Worldwide judgments in 7 seals, trumpets, bowls
3.Final completion of the entire biblical tradition
c.A circuit of churches in Asia
i.If you draw a line connecting the churches in order beginning and ending with Ephesus it completes a circle
d.John has special relationship or authority with these churches
e.Each church represents an aspect of persecution or problem
f.They represent the entire church through different eras of history
iii.Grace and peace
1.This is similar to other New Testament greetings
2.It is a combination of Greek and Hebrew greetings
a.xapin (karin) – favor or pleasure becomes the Christian xaris (charis) – grace
b.Shalom – the Hebrew blessing of peace
3.A difference from the New Testament is the source of the grace and peace
iv.He who is, who was, and who is coming
1.This refers to God
a.Exodus 3:14
b.Grammatically it is incorrect
i.From he who is, from he who becomes
ii.This “error” preserves the immutability and absoluteness of the divine name
v.7 Spirits
1.Symbolic understanding of one complete spirit – Holy Spirit
2.Archangels of Jewish tradition
3.Spirits/angels associated with the rest of the revelation
a.They would be undefined
4.Sharing of God’s spirit within each church
5.Manifestations of God’s character through spirit – Isaiah 11:2
vi.Jesus Christ
1.The third entity from whom grace and peace flow
2.The only “real” evidence for grace and peace
a.Faithful witness
i.“witness” is a Johanine term for Christ’s mission of mediating God’s message
ii.martus – Greek for witness
1.martus -> martyr -> one whose witness results in death
2.Psalm 89:37b
b.firstborn of the dead
i.Literally firstborn is the first child, usually a son, born to a family
1. Jesus was the first to experience resurrection
2.He was the first but is not the last providing for resurrection of believers
ii.Figurative – the firstborn assumes the power and glory of the father
1.Christ is exalted through death and resurrection
2.He thus has sovereignty over the cosmos
iii.Psalm 89:27a
c.Ruler of the kings of the earth
i.Psalm 89:27b
ii.Parallels king of kings reference later in Revelation
d.All three represent the entire salvation effort through Christ
i.Witness – death
ii.Firstborn – resurrection
iii.Ruler – exaltation
Post a Comment